Kids between the ages of 3 and 5 years are starting to develop their gross motor skills and enjoy a wide variety of activities. Gross motor skills are a specific set of skills that involve different body parts such as feet, legs, trunk, head, arms and hands. These skills are important because they are the “building blocks” or foundation movements for more complex and specialized skills required by children throughout their lives to competently and confidently play different games, sports and recreational activities.

Tennis – Develop Fundamental Motor Skills for Life

FMS can be developed through Hot Shots Kids Tennis Lessons in many ways. What are the FMS Categories;

  • Locomotor Skills – running, jumping, skipping, hopping
  • Balance Skills – movements where the body remains in place
  • Ball Skills – catching, throwing, striking, kicking


Kids-Tennis FMS          tennis fms

3 years old

  • Developmentally, three year olds are still developing the basic skills required for play. They are able to perform the following FMS:
    • Climb jungle gyms and ladders
    • Run on toes
    • Balance on one leg for a short time, and
    • Kick a ball from a standing position

4 years old

  • Four year olds are developing quickly and learn a lot from their experiences and from their play environment. They are able to perform the following FMS:
    • Gallop
    • Hop forward
    • Do lame duck skip (only one foot “skips”)
    • Throw a ball 3.5 meters overhand, and
    • Kick a large rolling ball

5 years old

  • Five year olds begin to display a variety of styles of play, including copying others, creative play, and making up their own games or activities. They are able to perform the following FMS:

    • Run through an obstacle course avoiding objects
    • Skip forward
    • Maintain balance on a movable platform, and
    • Throw a ball with direction and force

Teaching fundamental movement skills

The teaching of fundamental movement skills is an essential component of students’ learning. It is important to remember the following;

  • Students do not pick up fundamental movement skills naturally as part of their normal growth and development.
  • It takes between 240 and 600 minutes of instruction time to become proficient in one fundamental movement skill.
  • A small number of skills should be focused on in any one year e.g. four per year
  • The focus of your teaching should be on one or two skills at a time.
  • The best time for developing fundamental movement skills is the early years of schooling.


kids fms vida tennis